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名人读书故事(1)
<p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<strong>名人读书故事</strong></p><p><span style="COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold" lang="EN-US"><span style="font-family:Times New Roman;">1</span></span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">.毛泽东的读书法</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体" lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p style="TEXT-ALIGN: left; LINE-HEIGHT: 19.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; WORD-BREAK: break-all; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" class="MsoNormal" align="left"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">  毛泽东毕生珍惜时间<span lang="EN-US">,</span>博览群书<span lang="EN-US">.</span>其中“三复四温”式阅读和“不动笔墨不读书”是他主要的读书方法<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他在青年时期就熟读了《史记》、《汉书》等古籍<span lang="EN-US">,</span>并且不断地重温;就是到了晚年<span lang="EN-US">,</span>对他喜爱的同一本史书<span lang="EN-US">,</span>也是反复研读<span lang="EN-US">,</span>并有读过一遍书在封面划上一个圈作记号的习惯<span lang="EN-US">,</span>所以<span lang="EN-US">,</span>在他读过的许多书籍中<span lang="EN-US">,</span>均留下了他读过二遍、三遍的圈记<span lang="EN-US">.</span>毛泽东在青年时代读书时即有“读得多<span lang="EN-US">,</span>想得多<span lang="EN-US">,</span>写得多<span lang="EN-US">,</span>问得多”的习惯<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他的写作多表现在作内容摘录<span lang="EN-US">,</span>在重要的地方划上圈、杠、点等符号<span lang="EN-US">,</span>作批注以及写读书日记、在原书上改错纠谬<span lang="EN-US">.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p style="TEXT-ALIGN: left; LINE-HEIGHT: 19.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; WORD-BREAK: break-all; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" class="MsoNormal" align="left"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体" lang="EN-US">2</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">.苏步青的读书法</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体" lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p style="TEXT-ALIGN: left; LINE-HEIGHT: 19.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; WORD-BREAK: break-all; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" class="MsoNormal" align="left"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">  著名数学家苏步青主张读书要多读、精读、他读书时<span lang="EN-US">,</span>第一遍一般先读个大概<span lang="EN-US">,</span>第二遍、第三遍逐步加深理解<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他就是这样来读《红楼梦》、《西游记》、《三国演义》的<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他最喜欢《聊斋》<span lang="EN-US">,</span>不知反复读了多少遍<span lang="EN-US">.</span>起初<span lang="EN-US">,</span>有些地方不懂<span lang="EN-US">,</span>又无处查<span lang="EN-US">,</span>他就读下去再说<span lang="EN-US">,</span>以后再读就逐步加深理解<span lang="EN-US">.</span>苏步青读数学书也是这样的<span lang="EN-US">,</span>他总是边读边想<span lang="EN-US">,</span>边做习题<span lang="EN-US">,</span>到读最后一遍<span lang="EN-US">,</span>题目全部做完<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他认为<span lang="EN-US">,</span>读书不必太多<span lang="EN-US">,</span>要读的精<span lang="EN-US">,</span>要读到你知道这本书的优点、缺点和错误了<span lang="EN-US">,</span>这才算读好、读精了<span lang="EN-US">.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p style="TEXT-ALIGN: left; LINE-HEIGHT: 19.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; WORD-BREAK: break-all; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" class="MsoNormal" align="left"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体" lang="EN-US">3</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">.王梓坤的读书法</span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体" lang="EN-US"> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p style="TEXT-ALIGN: left; LINE-HEIGHT: 19.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; WORD-BREAK: break-all; mso-pagination: widow-orphan" class="MsoNormal" align="left"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; COLOR: black; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体">  数学家王梓坤的读书方法也很有风格<span lang="EN-US">.</span>一是抄读法<span lang="EN-US">.</span>王梓坤上中学时<span lang="EN-US">,</span>做完功课一有时间<span lang="EN-US">,</span>便光顾图书馆<span lang="EN-US">.</span>好书借了实在舍不得还<span lang="EN-US">,</span>但买不到也买不起<span lang="EN-US">,</span>他便下决心动手抄书<span lang="EN-US">.</span>抄<span lang="EN-US">,</span>他认为总还是抄得起的<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他先后抄过林语堂写的《高级英文法》<span lang="EN-US">,</span>抄过英文的《英文大全》<span lang="EN-US">,</span>还抄过《孙子兵法》<span lang="EN-US">,</span>这本书爱不释手<span lang="EN-US">,</span>则一口气抄两份<span lang="EN-US">.</span>王梓坤认为<span lang="EN-US">,</span>人们只知抄书之苦<span lang="EN-US">,</span>未知抄书之益<span lang="EN-US">,</span>抄完毫未俱见<span lang="EN-US">,</span>一览无余<span lang="EN-US">,</span>胜读十遍<span lang="EN-US">.</span>二是慢中求快法<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他认为<span lang="EN-US">,</span>一本书的前一两章通常是全书的关键<span lang="EN-US">,</span>因为每门学科都有特定的研究对象<span lang="EN-US">,</span>有专门的术语和符号<span lang="EN-US">,</span>如平面几何研究三角形、圆及其他图形的性质<span lang="EN-US">,</span>初等代数则主要研究代数运算<span lang="EN-US">.</span>因此<span lang="EN-US">,</span>耐心地学好前一两章<span lang="EN-US">,</span>初步掌握这门学科的思想方法<span lang="EN-US">,</span>这样读下去才会有兴趣<span lang="EN-US">.</span>他拿到一本书后<span lang="EN-US">,</span>开始总是读得很慢<span lang="EN-US">,</span>边读边做笔记<span lang="EN-US">,</span>做习题<span lang="EN-US">,</span>想一想<span lang="EN-US">,</span>算一算<span lang="EN-US">,</span>细细阅读<span lang="EN-US">,</span>认真理会<span lang="EN-US">,</span>先慢后快<span lang="EN-US">,</span>慢中求快。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
 
 

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